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salvia [2018/09/21 19:21]
derek
salvia [2018/09/23 19:29] (current)
derek
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-{{:​wiki:​salvia250px.jpg?​nolink |}}Salvia divinorum ​(also known as sage of the diviners,[2] ska maría ​pastora,[3] seer'​s ​sage,[4] yerba de la pastora[5] and just salviais a psychoactive plant which can induce visions ​and other spiritual experiencesIts native habitat ​is in cloud forest in the isolated ​Sierra Mazateca ​of Oaxaca, Mexico, ​where it grows in shady and moist locations.[6][7] The plant grows to over a meter high,[1] has hollow square stems, large leaves, and occasional white flowers ​with violet calyxes. Botanists have not determined whether Salvia divinorum is a cultigen ​or a hybrid; native plants reproduce vegetatively,​ rarely producing viable seed.[8][9] +{{:​wiki:​salvia250px.jpg?​nolink |}}**Salvia divinorum**//yerba de la pastora//, //ska María ​pastora////sage of the diviners//or simply //salvia//, is a **//​dissociative hallucinogen//​** in the **Salvia** or “**mint**” family, ​which includes peppermint, spearmint, ​and culinary sageThe effects come from an opioid-like molecule called //​salvinorin A//. It is endemic to the Sierra Mazateca ​in Oaxaca, Mexico, ​growing primarily ​in the cloud forest, ​and were traditionally used fresheither crushed ​and mixed with water, ​or rolled up and chewedwhen other plants (//[[ololiuqui|ololiuqui]]// and //[[psilocybes|teonanácatl]]//) were unavailable. The effects from oral use can last as long as two hoursEffects from smoking are far shorter.
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-Mazatec shamans have a long and continuous tradition of religious use of Salvia divinorumusing it to facilitate visionary states of consciousness during spiritual healing sessions.[1] Most of the plant'​s local common names allude to the Mazatecs'​ post-Columbian belief that the plant is an incarnation of the Virgin Mary, with its ritual use also invoking that relationship. +
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-Its chief active psychoactive constituent is a structurally unique diterpenoid called salvinorin A,[10][11a potent κ-opioid ​and D2 receptor agonist.[12] Salvia divinorum is generally understood to be of low toxicity (high LD50)[13][14and low addictive potential[15][16] since it is a κ-opioid agonist and it has been indicated that κ-opioid agonist activation of the kappa opioid receptor ​as shown by salvia may, in fact, serve as a potent addiction treatment therapy.[17] +
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-Salvia divinorum remains legal in some countries and, within the United States, it is legal in some statesHowever, there have been calls for its prohibition. While not currently regulated by US federal drug laws, several states have passed laws criminalizing the substance.[18] Some proposed state bills have failed to progress and have not been made into law (with motions having been voted down or otherwise dying in committee stages). There have not been many publicized prosecutions of individuals violating anti-salvia laws in the few jurisdictions in which it is prohibited.[21]+
salvia.txt · Last modified: 2018/09/23 19:29 by derek